4QInstruction by Matthew J. Goff

By Matthew J. Goff

The knowledge culture of historical Israel, represented within the Hebrew Bible through Proverbs, activity, and Ecclesiastes and within the Apocrypha by means of Ben Sira and the knowledge of Solomon, is additionally well-attested within the texts from Qumran. 4QInstruction (1Q26, 4Q415 418, 4Q423), the biggest knowledge textual content of the useless Sea Scrolls, is taken into account a sapiential textual content basically as a result of its specific and insistent pedagogical nature. To make this crucial knowledge textual content extra commonly to be had, this quantity deals a serious version, translation, and remark at the major fragments of 4QInstruction. It examines specific texts of 4QInstruction in addition to broader matters, together with its date, style, major subject matters, and position in moment Temple Judaism. eventually, on the way to contextualize this pivotal paintings, 4QInstruction s dating to the sapiential and apocalyptic traditions can also be explored.

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E. According to Ilan, in lines 6–7 the woman asserts to her husband (Eleazar ben 17. Satlow 2001, 214; Brody 1999, 230. 18. 30–33, 60–63, 78–83. See also Botta 2009, 59–60. 19. The key text reads, “If a woman, after parting from her husband for any cause whatever, marries another …” See Brewer 1999, 354. Consult also Sly 1990; Brooten 1983, 466–78. 20. Satlow 2001, 353; Friedman 1969, 33. See also Friedman 1981, 104–5. 21. Ilan 1996b, 195–202; 1999, 253–62. The official edition of this text is in Cotton and Yardeni 1997, 65–70.

73 Moreover, these two works show extensive terminological similarities 72. Note, however, that 4QInstruction may show some engagement with the book of Qoheleth. See the commentary on 4Q418 69 ii 4–5. 73. Goff 2007, 69–103; Lange 1995, 121–70; Frey 2007, 40–45. Knibb (2003, 193– 210) emphasizes the “shared thought-world” between 1 Enoch, 4QInstruction and the book of Mysteries. 74 This work and Mysteries invoke the mystery that is to be (1QS 11:3–4). The Treatise and 4QInstruction both employ the divine epithet “the God of Knowledge” (‫ )אל הדעות‬in deterministic contexts (4Q417 1 i 8; 1QS 3:15; cf.

3 The emphasis on marriage in 4Q415 2 ii is also compatible with a female addressee. 4Q416 2 iii 15–17 uses the root ‫ כבד‬with regard to honoring one’s parents. In 4Q415 2 ii 1 a woman is told to honor someone in the same way she would her own father. Unfortunately, the object of the imperative has survived only in traces. It is not fully clear whom she should honor. 4 This is semantically attractive and consistent with the theme 2. Goff 2007, 49–53; Wright 2004b, 252–53; Wold 2005b, 85. 3. Orthographically it is possible to read ‫כבדו‬.

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