By D Alkazraji
Pipeline engineering calls for an figuring out of a variety of subject matters. Operators needs to take note of quite a few pipeline codes and criteria, calculation ways, and reference fabrics with a view to make actual and trained decisions.
A speedy advisor to Pipeline Engineering presents concise, easy-to-use, and available info on onshore and offshore pipeline engineering. themes coated comprise: layout; development; checking out; operation and upkeep; and decommissioning.
Basic rules are mentioned and transparent counsel on laws is equipped, in a fashion that might end up worthy to either engineers and students.
- Provides concise, easy-to-use, and available details on onshore and offshore pipeline engineering
- Topics coated contain layout, building, trying out, operation, upkeep and decommissioning
- Basic rules are mentioned and transparent information on rules is provided
Read or Download A Quick Guide to Pipeline Engineering PDF
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Additional resources for A Quick Guide to Pipeline Engineering
By analysing the probability and consequences of failure, safety measures can be put in place to ensure that risks are set at an acceptable level. Quantitative risk assessment involves conducting detailed calculations on individual risk and group or societal risk. Individual risk is deﬁned as the frequency at which individuals may sustain injury from a particular hazard (see Fig. 14). 13 ALARP, ‘as low as reasonably practicable’ Using the results of these calculations, criteria such as the ALARP diagram (UK) can then be employed to determine if the risk is acceptable.
Other specialist tools exist which can provide an accurate three-dimensional route mapping of the pipeline along with global positioning readings. The most commonly used tools are the magnetic and ultrasonic inspection tools. 1 Magnetic inspection Magnetic inspection involves saturating the pipe wall with an axial magnetic ﬁeld using magnetized brushes in contact with the pipe wall (see Fig. 2). The sequence of operation is as follows: . The tool is pushed along the pipeline using the ﬂow of the product.
These produce a high-pressure jet of water that blasts the soil away, creating the trench. 7, the main methods of pipeline corrosion protection are a pipeline coating and an appropriate cathodic protection (CP) system. The two main CP methods are: . sacriﬁcial protection system; . impressed current protection system. The basic elements of pipeline corrosion are shown in Fig. 8. For corrosion to occur, two areas must exist: the anode and the cathode. e. surrounding soil), conditions exist to form a corrosion cell.