By Ranko Matasović
Read Online or Download A Short Grammar of Kabardian PDF
Best linguistics books
A latest path in English Syntax presents intermediate and complicated scholars of linguistics and English with a scientific account of the foundations of English syntax, and acquaints them with the overall method of syntactic description. It teaches them tips to formulate syntactic arguments, and the way to use the fitting standards and checks within the research of sentences.
A needs-based supplementary sequence for adults and teens.
Cecilia seashore examines the political and feminist performs of French playwrights who've been mostly neglected before. seashore highlights the significance of theatrical endeavors which girls perceived as a strong solution to advertise political views. the writer analyzes the paintings of Louise Michel, Nelly Roussel, Marie Leneru, Vera Starkoff, and Madeline Pelletier and discusses anarchist theater and different types of social protest theater on the flip of the century.
The language utilized in the Yiddish Bible translation culture is very good documented either via manuscripts (as of approximately 1400) and by means of published models (as of approximately 1535). within the real-life context, its so much salient utilization is found within the cheyder, the Jewish user-friendly institution. The contribution of this translation idiom to the improvement of ordinary Yiddish has been highly underrated.
- New Approaches to Old Problems: Issues in Romance Historical Linguistics
- The Functional Perspective on Language and Discourse: Applications and Implications
- Dialectic and Dialogue
- Studies in the Vocabulary of Khotanese
Extra resources for A Short Grammar of Kabardian
Af. "Karašavey fed his guest and his horse" (in this sentence the name Q'arašəway would be in the ergative as the causer, the undergoer of the underived verb, i. e. the food, which is unexpressed, would be in the nominative, and the only case-marked nouns (haś'a and šə) are in the ergative as the indirect objects viz. non-macrorole core arguments). These unusual rules on case assignment with causative verbs are related to the rules on case assignment in subordinate clauses (see below), where the case of the nouns in the main clause depends on the role of these nouns in the subordinate clause.
It can be freely combined with the causative prefix, which it follows, cf. g. śābə "soft", wəśabən "to make soft, soften", yaġawəśabən "make someone soften (something). 43 Matasović: A Short Grammar of Kabardian ACTIVE (DYNAMIC) AND STATIVE VERBS The division into dynamic and stative verbs does not coincide with the division into transitive and intransitive verbs. Both transitive and intransitive verbs can be either dynamic or static. Dynamic intransitive verbs express action, activity; they are morphologically marked by the prefix -aw- in the present tense.
For similar examples from Mingrelian, Ingush, Khinalug, and Abkhaz. ) 1957: 93. 50 Matasović: A Short Grammar of Kabardian PERSONAL AND DIRECTIONAL PREFIXES The use of directional prefixes is compulsory with many verbs for certain persons and tenses; the use of these prefixes is quite idiomatic, and it seems that each verb has its own pattern56, cf. -af. -to wait də-n-aw-ź-ā-ś "we waited for you" d-aw-źa "we wait for him/them" q'ə-z-aw-źa "they wait for me" etc. )" d-yə-ź-ā-ś "we waited for him/them" q'ə-za-ź-ā-ś "they waited for me" Some believe that the use of the directional prefix q'ə- with polyvalent intransitive verbs depends on the person hierarchy (see below).