By Wilde, Christopher P.
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Extra resources for A Sketch of the Phonology and Grammar of Rajbanshi
Case particles, auxiliary verbs) entering into paradigmatic contrasts. There are compelling reasons to do so. For one, the line between such analytic elements and agglutinative affixes is uncertain, particularly since the former are generally ancestral to the latter.
G. " It is doubtful that the vowel [ɪ] found in Rājbanshi is the same as the Bengali vowel mentioned by Masica. 2 Vowels 19 in the environments shown in Table 2. 4 Moreover, if [ɪ] does indeed have phonemic status in Rājbanshi, one would expect to find a three-way contrast. This was not so; only two-way contrasts between /e/ and [ɪ], and /e/ and /i/ were found. Throughout this work I have transcribed [ɪ] as /i/ or /e/ when I am certain, but as /ɪ/ when I am uncertain. 240 288 336 IPA [i] IPA [u] median average [i] (initial syllable) 384 IPA [e] IPA [o] 432 median average [ɪ] F1 (Hz) 480 528 IPA [ɛ] IPA [ɔ] 576 624 672 720 median average [ɛ] A [i] (n=67) I [ɪ] (n=59) IPA [ɑ] I [ɛ] (n=59) 768 2500,00 IPA [a] 2250,00 2000,00 1750,00 1500,00 1250,00 F2-F1 1000,00 750,00 500,00 250,00 0,00 Chart 1.
Likewise, the notion of "subject" is not unproblematic in NIA languages as Masica (1991:339-364) maintains. Particularly notable in relation to the Rājbanshi subject are constructions such as secondary agreement (where the verb can agree with arguments other than the subject), the nominative case (which is used to mark clause constituents other than merely the subject), the dative ("experiencer") subject (which is marked with the dative case), and the position of the subject (which is clause-initial in default clauses, but can also be found in other positions due to displacement).