Advanced Natural Gas Engineering by Xiuli Wang

By Xiuli Wang

The position of usual gasoline in assembly the realm strength call for has been expanding as a result of its abundance, versatility, and fresh burning nature. consequently, new fuel exploration, box improvement, and creation actions are below manner. this is often very true in locations the place common fuel used to be (until lately) labelled as 'stranded'. simply because a good portion of normal gasoline reserves world-wide can be found throughout our bodies of water, fuel transportation turns into a subject. we're facing many particular matters and dealing with many demanding situations within the whole 'food chain' (upstream to midstream and downstream) of traditional gasoline engineering. This necessitates a bridge of the know-how gaps in a few vital parts: the original new applied sciences resembling various interpretation of three-D seismic in traditional gasoline exploration; the explicit specifications in fuel good drilling; the necessity for the hydraulically fracturing of excessive permeability fuel good to circumvent the wear yet most significantly to minimize turbulence as a result of excessive good deliverability; traditional gasoline sea-going transportation reminiscent of liquefied typical gasoline (LNG) and compressed typical fuel (CNG); gasoline conversion and garage; and, replacement and competing power resources. All of those new matters and demanding situations haven't been addressed intensive in any current books. one more reason why we positioned this e-book jointly is predicated on our observations of younger pros and graduate scholars. With the facility of present computing expertise, many businesses are providing assorted software program to unravel engineering difficulties. Many younger engineers and scholars are sturdy at operating courses and plotting attractive graphs with no figuring out what the numbers and figures suggest. by some means humans have misplaced their basic talents to take on difficulties with out utilizing a working laptop or computer. right here, in addition to addressing the complex engineering concerns relating to usual gasoline, we additionally supply equations besides examples and distinctive calculation approaches of basic chemical and petroleum engineering difficulties. This ebook can function a reference ebook for all engineers within the strength company in addition to a textbook for college kids in petroleum and chemical engineering curricula and within the education departments of a big staff of businesses.

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Shale gas has seen increased activity between 2000 and 2008. Because these reservoirs have virtually no permeability, the choice of well completions has been horizontal wells with multiple hydraulic fractures. 5 Natural Gas Composition and Phase Behavior Depending on where and from what type of reservoir the natural gas is produced, its composition can vary widely. Generally, it contains primarily methane (CH4) with decreasing quantities of ethane (C2H6), propane (C3H8), butane (C4H10), and pentane (C5H12).

S. 1957. Compressibility of natural gases. J. of Petroleum Technology (January): 69. Wang, X. 2000. Pore-level modeling of gas-condensate flow in porous media. , University of Houston. Wang, X. J. Economides. 2004. Aggressive fracture slashes turbulence in high-permeability gas well. World Oil (July). Wichert, E. and K. Aziz. 1972. Calculation of Z’s for sour gases. Hydrocarbon Processing 51 (5). 1 Introduction This chapter provides a fairly general and rudimentary exposure to problems in the exploration, drilling, and completion of natural gas wells.

64 (assume there are no non-hydrocarbon gases). 64, from Figure 1–9, ppc = 670 psia and Tpc = 370 R. 73. 89. Using Eq. 0107 . 0107 = 107 Mresft3/d. 24 Chapter 1 Natural Gas Basics Example 1–6 Calculation of the initial gas-in-place, Gi The reservoir is about 2,100 acres in area and 70 ft thick, reservoir porosity is 18%, and gas saturation is 80%. Reservoir pressure and temperature are 4,000 psi and 180°F, respectively. The gas composition is the same as that in Example 1–3. 855. The initial formation volume factor, Bgi, is given by Eq.

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