Alluvial Geoarchaeology: Floodplain Archaeology and by A. G. Brown

By A. G. Brown

This entire technical handbook is designed to offer archaeologists the required history wisdom in environmental technological know-how required to excavate and research archaeological websites through rivers and on floodplains. Bringing jointly info at the evolution and exploitation of floodplain and river landscapes, this article attracts on examples from Britain, Europe, North the US and Australasia. a tremendous subject is the interplay among climatic and cultural forces and the transformation of riverine environments.

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Additional info for Alluvial Geoarchaeology: Floodplain Archaeology and Environmental Change (Cambridge Manuals in Archaeology)

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Shelves or 'benches' on the bank of the channel. Generally sand, silt and clay. Benches concave in planform formed against the upstream limb of the concave bank of tightly curving meanders and just downstream of point-bars. Often separated from the floodplain by a secondary channel on the line of the original concave bank (can form island or islets). Sand and silt/mud. Linear mounds of sand running adjacent to the edge of the channel. In planform, fan-shaped lobes of sand and gravel. Wave-like in cross-section and curved in planform.

Intro. 5 The climate-culture chain of the Nile valley. PART I PRINCIPLES FLOODPLAIN EVOLUTION Floodplains are one of the most conspicuous and widespread of all the landforms on the earth. They are the result of both erosional and depositional processes. Over time they develop and change and so they evolve, not to any end-point but to the form that they are today or were at any point in the past. e. geology) and has much in common with scientific archaeology in both its history and methodology. An understanding of the fundamental processes and products of floodplain evolution is essential for the interpretation of sites in alluvial contexts and can yield fascinating insights into human-environment relationships.

In planform, fan-shaped lobes of sand and gravel. Wave-like in cross-section and curved in planform. Composed of sand and silt. Depressions in the floodplain surface normally curved in planform. If infilled will contain silt and clay. Linear depressions in the floodplain surface, often asymmetric and either straight (ribbon lakes) or curved. If infilled may contain any sediment but typically silt, clay and peat. Floodplain features, generally straight linear depressions in the floodplain often cutting across the neck of a meander core or running at the edge of the floodplain.

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