An environmental history of Great Britain: from 10,000 years by Ian G Simmons

By Ian G Simmons

It is a historical past of our surroundings in England, Wales, and Scotland, and of the interactions of individuals, position, and nature because the final ice sheet withdrew a few 10000 years in the past. it truly is concerned about the altering cultures (in the complete anthropological feel) of the peoples inhabiting Britain in addition to with the surroundings they reworked, exploited, abused, and loved.

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Rising sea levels after 6850 bc caused water to back up in the rivers and allow peat accumulation in the deeper river valleys. Indeed, low-lying areas like Wood Walton and Holme Fens in Cambridgeshire, now at –5 m OD (ordnance datum), were peat-clad by 7500 bc. Further rises in sea-level then brought about silt accumulation south of the Wash and a narrow band of peat accumulated in front of the rising sea-level as well as in river valleys. This continued until 5400 bc. 4 The open sea is important as a resource base for hunter-gatherer cultures.

The hunter-gatherer populations of this area lived on a flat but welldrained plain until the seventh millennium bc. Rising sea levels after 6850 bc caused water to back up in the rivers and allow peat accumulation in the deeper river valleys. Indeed, low-lying areas like Wood Walton and Holme Fens in Cambridgeshire, now at –5 m OD (ordnance datum), were peat-clad by 7500 bc. Further rises in sea-level then brought about silt accumulation south of the Wash and a narrow band of peat accumulated in front of the rising sea-level as well as in river valleys.

The microliths of the Early Mesolithic are often broadbladed compared with later examples. Where, rarely, preservation conditions permit, worked bone, antler and wood are seen to be important parts of the material culture. The most intriguing of these were found at Star Carr in the Vale of Pickering (east Yorkshire), where a number of antler frontlets were recovered. These consist of parts of red deer skulls with the antlers attached. The antlers are thinned to reduce their weight, as are some of the skulls.

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