Ancient Chinese Thought, Modern Chinese Power by Yan Xuetong, Daniel A. Bell, Sun Zhe, Edmund Ryden

By Yan Xuetong, Daniel A. Bell, Sun Zhe, Edmund Ryden

The upward thrust of China may be the most crucial political improvement of the twenty-first century. what's going to China seem like sooner or later? What may still it seem like? And what is going to China's upward thrust suggest for the remainder of international? This booklet, written by means of China's so much influential international coverage philosopher, units out a imaginative and prescient for the arrival many years from China's aspect of view.

within the West, Yan Xuetong is frequently considered as a hawkish coverage consultant and enemy of liberal internationalists. yet a really diverse photo emerges from this publication, as Yan examines the teachings of old chinese language political proposal for the way forward for China and the advance of a "Beijing consensus" in diplomacy. Yan, it turns into transparent, is neither a communist who believes that fiscal may well is the main to nationwide strength, nor a neoconservative who believes that China should still depend upon army may possibly to get its manner. particularly, Yan argues, political management is the main to nationwide energy, and morality is a necessary a part of political management. monetary and armed forces may are very important parts of nationwide strength, yet they're secondary to political leaders who act in keeping with ethical norms, and a similar holds actual in deciding upon the hierarchy of the worldwide order.

offering new insights into the taking into account one in every of China's prime overseas coverage figures, this booklet can be crucial interpreting for an individual drawn to China's upward thrust or in overseas relations.

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Neighboring states will look across at one another, calls of chickens and dogs will reply to one another. 62 The stress Mozi puts on the human fear of death and demand for no progress is the exact opposite of what Laozi says. Mozi advocates PRE-QIN POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY diminishing human beings’ selfish psychology and replacing it with an altruism of loving one’s neighbor as oneself and thereby avoiding war. Mozi believes that human selfishness is a necessary condition for war and so by changing human beings’ selfish nature—such that they love others as themselves—peace will be realized.

The fifth master, Laozi, thinks that only when it is unavoidable should war be used to uphold 41 42 YAN XUETONG order between states, although war itself cannot be said to be just. Hence he says, “Weapons are inauspicious instruments, not the instruments of the gentleman. ”87 Mozi affirms that morality can be an effective way of maintaining order among states. Moreover, he thinks that the mention of morality should preclude resort to violence as a means of upholding that order. He is astonished that policy makers do not know what morality is.

This shows that he does not think there is any difference in nature between the two. Unlike the other pre-Qin thinkers, he does not think that the foundation of humane authority is morality. ”107 Because of this, he thinks that humane authority is also dependent on military might and a legal system. ”109 Mozi uses the term sage king more than the term hegemon, but he does not indicate whether there is any distinction between them. Rather, he uses historical examples of humane authority and hegemonic authority to explain the same principle.

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